Deutsches Ozeanographisches
Datenzentrum Inventur der Sonne1-Reise SO223 (DOD-Ref-No.20120281)
Inventory of Sonne1 Cruise SO223 (DOD-Ref-No.20120281)

Working area
Sonne1 SO223 21.07.2012 - 07.09.2012   NW Pacific (Limit 180?)  

Chief Scientist
Port of departure
Port of return
Station map
Brandt Angelika Zoologisches Institut und Museum der Universitat Hamburg Pusan Pusan   

Ziel der Reise / Objectives of Cruise:

The joint German/Russian expedition KuramBio (Kurile Kamchatka Biodiversity Study) onboard of the R/V Sonne (SO 223) to the Kurile Kamchatka Trench and adjacent abyssal plain started in Busan, South Korea on July 21th and terminated in Busan on September 7th, 2012. The project KuramBio is implemented within the frameworks of the Special Russian Federal Program "World Ocean", the programs of the Presidium of the Far-Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FEB RAS) "Biodiversity changes in some areas of the World Ocean with space and time", "Marine biota response to the changes of environment and climate","Technologies of Investigation and Monitoring of Biodiversity of the Deep-Sea Regions of the Far Eastern Seas" and international projects and programs: "Census of the Diversity of Abyssal Marine Life" (CeDAMar) and "Circulation Research in East Asian Marginal Seas "(CREAMS) within the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES). A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed in Vladivostok in September 2007 by representatives of the A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology (IMB), Zoological Institute and Museum (ZIM) of the University of Hamburg, and the Senckenberg am Meer, German Centre for Biodiversity Research (SAM), Wilhelmshaven. The MoU included exchange of material and scientists as well as the establishment of joint expeditions and projects. The KuramBio project is a follow-up project of the joint Russian/German project SoJaBio (Sea of Japan Biodiversity Study). The joint Russian/German expedition SoJaBio from board of the R/V Akademik Lavrentyev to the deep Sea of Japan started in Vladivostok on August 11th and terminated in Vladivostok on September 5th, 2010. First data of this expedition are published in a special volume in Deep-Sea Research II (Guest editors: M.V. Malyutina & A. Brandt). The scientific team of the KuramBio expedition included 14 biologists from Germany, mainly from the ZIM, SAM DZMB, ZSNM Műnchen, as well as from Geneva, Switzerland and 11 Russian biologists from the IMB, FEB RAS the V.I. VIIl`ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (PIO) FEB RAS, Vladivostok; P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology (IO) RAS, A.N. Severtzov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Moscow. Aims of the RV Sonne expedition to the Kurile-Kamtchatka region are to investigate the biodiversity and community patterns of the meio-, macro- and megafauna. . Using methods of community analyses and coefficients, the selected meio-, macro-, and megabenthic communities shall be characterised and compared with regard to their composition and diversity. New species shall be described and made available for future investigations. The new data on taxonomic species composition and zoogeographic distribution of the fauna of the geologically old open abyssal plain of the Kurile-Kamtchatka region will be compare with the faunistic data from the semi-enclosed and younger Sea of Japan, with the existing global deep-sea data from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans which were obtained during the CeDAMar project using a standardised sampling protocol as well as the data from the adjacent shelf and bathyal zones We aim to test the following hypotheses: 1. Communities of the Kurile Kamtchatka stations (and transects) differ in terms of species composition and richness. 2. The non-isolated abyssal plain of Kurile-Kamtchatka area causes an increase of the abyssal biodiversity in comparison to the geographicaly "relatively" isolated Sea of Japan. 3. In the Kurile-Kamtchatka Trench and abyssal plain we will sample around 50% of new species in the different taxa. 4. The standardised sampling techniques will increase the faunistic knowledge about that region. 5. Enhanced productivity leads to an increase in biodiversity (species richness).

Messungen / Measurements

Typ der Messungen
Type of measurements
Daten im DOD
Data in DOD
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 19 stations B18
Sampling of the epibenthos with the Agassiz trawl no
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 21 stations B18
Sampling of the epibenthos with the epibenthic sledge no
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 35 deployment B73
Sediment traps
Multiple Corer no
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 23 stations G02
Giant Box Corer no
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 13 stations G08
Bottom photography
Ocean Floor Observing System no
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 12 deployment G90
Other geological or geophysical measurements
Simrad Multibeam / Parasound / Hydrosweep no
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 12 stations H00
- yes
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 11 stations H10
Depth (m), Pressure (db), Temperature (ITS-90, degC), Conductivity mS/cm), Salinity (PSU), Density (Kg/m?), Oxygen Saturation (ml/l), Sound Velocity (m/s) no
ZIMHH Brandt Angelika 1 n miles H80
Other physical measurements
Underway measurements during the whole trip such as coordinates, depth, meteorological parameter and so on yes